The Munich Oktoberfest is the largest and most famous folk festival in the world – with a special kind of beer, fancy funfair rides and a huge number of visitors of over 6 million people per year. In the two weeks of the so-called "Wiesn" in addition to local guests, hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world come to the Bavarian capital.
The festival was initiated in honor of the wedding of Ludwig of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, which was celebrated in 1810 with a large horse race. Since then it takes place on the Theresienwiese every year, but has changed a lot: out of the 42 hectares that the Theresienwiese measures, 34.5 hectares are used for the Oktoberfest and the Oide Wiesn; 144,000 catering establishments take care of the guests with almost 120,000 seating options, and a very successful Oktoberfest app has even been developed.
For such a major event a modern security management is essential. Therefore, a security concept was developed by the organizer and Munich Security Services GmbH was commissioned to create an evacuation concept. In order to check this evacuation concept for feasibility, accu:rate carried out an evacuation simulation. It analyzed both the evacuation of the entire festival area as well as the evacuation of individual beer tents. The analysis provided revealing insights about evacuation times and bottlenecks on the site. The organizer was able to use this knowledge about critical points in order to optimize the safety and evacuation concept as well as to prepare the security personnel on site in the best possible way and to sensitize them to potential bottlenecks.